HUNGARIAN HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY

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THE HUNS

2nd c. BCE
The Hun Empire reaches its greatest extent from the Pacific to the Aral sea, from Siberia to the Parthian Empire and China. The Huns face centuries of struggle against an increasingly offensive and encroaching Chinese imperialism and expansionism.

The Huns break through the Great Wall of China, 2nd c. BCE
THE EASTERN HUN EMPIRE (1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE)

2nd - 4th c. CE
Facing mounting pressures from China in the East, the Huns begin to expand into Europe. In the 4th century CE, the Huns begin their Western military campaigns. In 375 AD, the Huns defeat the Goths, setting in motion the great migration of Germanic tribes which also contributed to the collapse of the Roman Empire.

The unstoppable Hun charge (painting by Frank Frazetta)The Huns defeat the Romans (artwork: Kate Seredy)Atilla the HunThe pope pleads for mercy as Atilla stands victorious at the gates of Rome (artwork: József Mór)

5th c.
During the 5th century CE, the Huns continue their crushing military campaigns against the Roman Empire. The Huns expel the Romans from the Carpathian Basin (Pannonia and Dacia were occupied by the Romans after they had perpetrated genocidal warfare against the indigenous inhabitants of these Carpathian regions) and the Hun Empire establishes its centre of power in the Carpathian-Danubian region.

THE WESTERN HUN EMPIRE (5th c. CE)

Following Atilla's death under suspicious circumstances in 453, the Huns' Germanic allies turn against them and the bulk of the Hunnic tribes regroups to the East of the Carpathians, leaving a rear-guard tribe in the Eastern Carpathians. This Hunnic tribe still inhabits this region today and they are the Hungarian Székely people.


Atilla's palace (artwork: Sándor Nagy)Atilla's throne room (painting by Mór Thán) Hun bronze urn, Hungary, 5th c. CE
Hun bronze urn, Hungary, 5th c. CE

528
The Byzantine attempt to convert the Huns to the Christian religion fails after the Huns rebel against the destruction of their ancient religious symbols.

Atilla's death (painting by Ferenc Paczka)Atilla's burial (artwork: József Mór) Hun golden helmet ornamentHun gold brooch, Hungary, 5th c. CEHun gold bracelets, Hungary, 5th c. CE
Hun gold coronet, Hungary, 5th c. CE

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