HUNGARIAN HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY

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MEDIEVAL HUNGARY

997-1526
With the exception of a few periods of relative peace and prosperity under the reign of Hungarian kings, medieval Hungary was characterized by an almost continuous political instability due to the constant struggle for power between various ruling factions. "Pagan" and "peasant" rebellions demonstrated the Hungarian people's resentment against the foreign Christian feudal regime. Hungary was increasingly forced into the sacrificial role of "Easternmost bastion of Western Christianity", which caused incalculable losses to the Hungarian nation as it was maneuvered by foreign interests into conflicts with the Mongols (13th c.) and the Turks (14th-17th c.).

Map of the Kingdom of Hungary and its vassal territories, 13th c.Map of the Kingdom of Hungary and its vassal states, 14th c.Map of the Kingdom of Hungary and its vassal territories, 15th c.


Mantle of King Mátyás, 15th c.Statue of King Mátyás, Kolozsvár, Transylvania
Medieval illustration showing the exploitation of the Hungarian peasants by their feudal lords.
Map showing the internal fragmentation of Hungary resulting from the feudal system, 14th c.
Medieval illustration showing the exploitation of the Hungarian peasants by the church.
Map of the Hungarian peasant war of 1514.



Medieval illustration showing the execution of rebel Hungarian peasants by the feudal rulersMedieval illustration showing the torture and execution of the rebel Hungarian peasant leader György Dózsa by the feudal rulers
Illustration showing the Petcheneg tribal leader Tonuzoba being buried alive with his wife and horse as a result of his refusal to convert to Christianity (artwork: József Mór).
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